ADHD management usually involves some combination of medications, behaviour therapy, diet & nutrition, lifestyle changes, and counselling.
Only children with severe ADHD symptoms should be considered for medication as a first-line treatment option.
Medication therapy can also be considered for those with moderate ADHD symptoms who either refuse psychotherapeutic options or else fail to respond to psychotherapeutic input.
ADHD and its diagnosis and treatment have been considered controversial since the 1970s. The controversies have involved clinicians, teachers, policymakers, parents and the media. Topics include ADHD’s causes, and the use of stimulant medications in its treatment. Most healthcare providers accept ADHD is a genuine disorder with debate in the scientific community centering mainly around how it is diagnosed and treated.
Please also see our page on ADHD Diet & Nutrition.